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Рефераты по литературе

British literature

The object of my term paper is British literature, and the subject is contemporary British literature.
First of all what is literature? The word itself connected to words like “letter”. It means any form of communication which is written down.
But we use the word to describe a certain kind of writing, a certain category of written communication.
27 Января 2013  Тип работы: курсовая работа  Скачать

Edgar Allen Poe and his detective tradition

Edgar Allan Poe’s importance as a detective writer may be seen in his pioneering contributions to the genre, in the rich variety, meaning, and significance of his stories, and in their influence on writers the world over. And Poe’s character C. Auguste Dupin, a private detective, became the model for many later fictional detectives. 21 Июня 2010  Тип работы: курсовая работа  Скачать

Iван Шамякiн

Праз год маці з дзецьмі па нейкай прычыне вярнулася ў Карму. У 1927 годзе пераехалі на новае месца бацькавай працы - у леснічоўку («стражу») пад Пясочнай Будай Церахоўскага раена. Пасля - новая «стража» пад Краўцоўкай таго ж раена. Чытаць вучыўся сам з дапамогай бацькі. У школу пайшоў толькі на дзесятым годзе. Да пятага класа вучыўся ў весцы Краўцоўка. Часта змяняў школы з-за пераездаў з аднаго месца на другое, але вучыўся добра. Пасля заканчэння сямі класаў Макаўскай школы паступіў у Гомельскі тэхнікум будаўнічых матэрыалаў. 24 Ноября 2011  Тип работы: реферат  Скачать

One Stair Up by Chambell Nairne

Nairne Campbell is a Scottish novelist, the author of two books "One Stair Up" (1932) and "Stony Ground" (1934), who wrote about Scottish working class families in a realistic manner.
The extract from the book “One Stair Up” by C. Nairne depicts the man and woman who visited a cinema and had different views on the film that they had seen due to their diverse perception. There is also a description of the cinema-world as a pastime of the people from working class. The composition falls in three parts: the way to Rosa and Andrew’s dress circle as a plot, the common expression of the audience about the film and a comic performance as a sequence of events and the characters’ short discussion of the show as a dénouement.
The type of presentation is author’s narrative. Narrative proper is the narrative compositional form.
The vocabulary consists of the neutral words, some colloquials due to the dialogues (e.g.: swell kid, chap, chap, hot stuff, cackling, 'cos, gee, big picture), dialect word Och, barbarisms such as corridor, silhouette, also bookish words such as emerged, glanced, admitted, glared, acquaintances, voluptuous, contemptuous, etc. There are many compound words tea-spoon, bull's-eye, dress .circle, background, pot-plants, rapid-fire, heart-searing, heart-throbs, thrill-thirsty, heart-string, water-butt, mix-up, hard-worked. Author also uses some word-combinations and phrases sink into stillness, be unaccustomed to smth, to be too funny for words, to be cut short, moved by pity, to put up with which are direct and indirect in meaning to make the vocabulary more impressive. There are short, one-member and interrupted sentences (“This a comedy?” “But if you don't like it —“ ) usually used in dialogues to underline the colloquial character.
Onomatopoeia – cackling, whirring, murmur; framing – you couldn't see anybody else, and they couldn't see you; repetition – expanded and expanded, anaphora – It...It...It was...It was...It was...; inversion – What a baby he is ; allusion – Peter Pan, Minnie Haha; simile – carpet of some green material that yielded like springing turf; epithets: voluptuous stillness, rapid-fire drama, heart-searing tale, thrill-thirsty young bloods, hot darkness; metaphors: young blood, hot stuff, region of luxury, shower of stars, metonymy: audience got up and pushed out to the exits; synecdoche: faces glared at them, faces moved together.
The author’s style is florid, over-abused of epithets, emotional, emotive, sometimes energetic, sometimes pathetic. He uses protagonists' stream of consciousness to depict the characters. He doesn’t judge the figures by himself, but deliberately by the vivid description of their actions.
C. Nairne wanted to show the conflict in society of that time through Rosa who desired to be one step up the other people, but indeed was the same girl from the working-class family in Edinburg.
07 Января 2012  Тип работы: статья  Скачать

Perce Bysshe Shelley

The he spirit of revolution and the power of free thought were Percy Shelley's biggest passions in life. After being sent away to boarding school at the age of ten, he attended a lecture on science which piqued his interest in the properties of electricity, magnetism, chemistry and telescopes. On return trips home, he would try to cure his sisters' chilblains by passing electric currents through them. He also hinted of a mysterious "alchemist" living in a hidden room in the attic. 19 Ноября 2012  Тип работы: реферат  Скачать

The analysis of “Dead men’s path” by Chinua Achebe

Chinua Achebe was born Albert Chinualumogu Achebe; 16 November 1930 – 21 March 2013. He was a Nigerian novelist, poet, professor, and critic. He was best known for his first novel and magnum opus, Things Fall Apart (1958), which is the most widely read book in modern African literature.
Raised by his parents in the Igbo town of Ogidi in south eastern Nigeria, Achebe excelled at school and won a scholarship for undergraduate studies. He became fascinated with world religions and traditional African cultures, and began writing stories as a university student. Achebe's novels focus on the traditions of Igbo society, the effect of Christian influences, and the clash of Western and traditional African values during and after the colonial era. His style relies heavily on the Igbo oral tradition of story telling. “Dead Men's Path” by Chinua Achebe was set in Nigeria in 1949. It is a story about the clash of two sets of values; this story presents the conflict between world-views and value systems.
27 Октября 2013  Тип работы: творческая работа  Скачать

The linguistic analysis of the text ‘The lotus eater’ by William Somerset Maugham

The text ‘The Lotus Eater’ is about a man whose name is Thomas Wilson. Giving up regular and stable life in London, Thomas Wilson, charmed with the beauty of the island Capri, comes here to live. Having sold all the property he bought an annuity for 25 years. The character lives in comfort and simply enjoys the life. Time passes and 25 years are over, Wilson is to pay for the rent, but he is out of money. Thomas tries to commit suicide, but unsuccessfully. He dies after 6 years. 11 Ноября 2011  Тип работы: творческая работа  Скачать

The theme of loneliness in ‘Cat in the rain’ by Ernest Hemingway

The action of the short story ‘Cat in the rain’, written by Ernest Hemingway, takes place in Italy, in a hotel. In the very beginning of the narration we can see a long description of the setting of the story. The author draws a picture of a southern town, with a view of the sea, of the public garden with the palms which are being dripped on by the rain. To intensify the impression Hemingway uses numerous repetitions in the descriptions: ‘It also faced the public garden and war monument… There were big palms and green benches in the public garden... Italians came from a long way off to look up at the war monument… The motor cars were gone from the square by the war monument.’ 11 Мая 2012  Тип работы: доклад  Скачать

"The Picture of Dorian Gray" book report

Отчет по книге The Picture of Dorian Gray на английском языке 25 Декабря 2011  Тип работы: сочинение  Скачать

"Автобиографическое начало" в творчестве Гоголя

Тема "автобиографическое начало" очень важна в творчестве любого писателя. Ее раскрытие предполагает указать, как отразились пережитые автором события, собственные воспоминания и личные впечатления в произведениях писателя. Для творчества Гоголя ля большое значение имеет также встречи с близкими ему людьми и его личная переписка. 15 Января 2012  Тип работы: курсовая работа  Скачать